Pedagogical development in TAMK – Finnish approach to paradigm shift in education

Päivi Karttunen


Higher education has changed a lot during the past 25 years in Finland. The universities of applied sciences (UAS) were established in the 1990s when the former college system became higher education. At the moment there are 22 universities of applied sciences and 14 universities. Universities and universities of applied sciences have their own profile and legislation as well. About 23 000 bachelor-level students and 2200 master-level students graduate from the UASs annually. It is quite normal that in universities all students will complete the master’s degree with about 15 000 students getting their master’s degree and 1821 getting their doctoral degree annually. In UASs it is not possible to complete doctoral studies.

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.